Ayurveda, the most ancient Indian medicinal science, the
origin of which can be traced back to more than 5000 years.
The main concept of Ayurveda is that it personalizes the
healing process. According to Ayurveda the human body is
composed of four basics
These are called the Mool Siddhant or the basic fundamentals
The three vital principles of doshas are vata, pitta and
kapha, which together regulate and control the catabolic
and anabolic metabolism. The main function of the three
doshas is to carry the byproduct of digested foods throughout
the body, which helps in building up the body tissues. Any
malfunction in these doshas causes disease.
Dhatu can be defined, as one, which supports the body.
There are seven tissue systems in the body. They are as
• Rasa (Plasma)
• Rakta (Blood)
• Mamsa (Muscle)
• Meda (Fat tissues)
• Asthi (Bone)
• Majja (Marrow)
• Shukra (Semen)
Dhatus only provide the basic nutrition to the body. And
it helps in the growth and structure of mind. It is a chain
system where each dhatu is developed or transformed out
of the previous tissue layer, starting with the first dhatu
i.e. plasma (rasa). So it is important that the first tissue,
plasma should be healthy if it is not it will affect the
other dhatus or tissues also. The main tissue Rasa is derived
from food and is composed of vata, pitta and kapha molecules.
It supplies nourishment to all the tissues. It does not
contain cells. Dhatus mainly provide the nourishment to
all the tissues. It contains no cells.
Mala means waste products or dirty. It is third in the
trinity of the body i.e. doshas and dhatu. There are three
main types of malas, e.g. stool, urine and sweat. Malas
are mainly the waste products of the body so their proper
excretion from the body is essential to maintain the proper
health of the individual. There are mainly two aspect of
mala i.e. mala and kitta. Mala is about waste products of
the body whereas kitta is all about the waste products of
All kinds of metabolic and digestive activity of the body
takes place with the help of the biological fire of the
body called Agni. Agni can be termed as the various enzymes
present in the elementary canal, liver and the tissue cells.
That's why Ayurveda is called the "science of life"